Apulia is known as a land of extraordinary colours and wonderful variety; an undulating plateau of rich, red earth, with dark green pine-forested hillsides and light green olive groves, rows of vineyards, blindingly white labyrinths of historic town centres that glisten in the sun, milky white medieval centres with their tangled, cobble streets and alleyways, baroque churches of grey and natural hews.
Apulia - or Puglia - is a region in south-eastern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea in the east, the Ionian Sea to the southeast, and the Strait of Otranto and Gulf of Taranto in the south. Apulia is divided into six provinces: Bari, Barletta-Andria, Brindisi, Foggia, Lecce and Taranto. Its southern portion known as Salento, a peninsula, forms a high heel on the "boot" of Italy. Apulia consists of rolling plains and gentle uplands, sources of grain and the nation's largest volumes of wine and olive oil. Puglia's most striking tourist attraction - because it is so unique - is the trulli district, around Alberobello (a protected World Heritage site). Also striking, in a more sophisticated style, is Lecce, a town famed for its baroque beauty: all golden stone and elegant seventeenth-century architecture with riots of cherubs and foliage.
On the whole, the smaller towns of Puglia, and the countryside, make better holiday destinations than the big port cities. Martina Franca, Locorotondo, Cisternino Fasano and Ostuni are all picturesque hilltop towns scattered around the Valle d'Itria. Along the coast, Otranto is one of the most attractive seaside resorts, with a picturesque old town and blue waters. Around Taranto there are fascinating underground sanctuaries and churches, while at Castellana Grotte, close to Alberobello, there are impressive natural caverns offering guided tours.
The Salento, overlooking the Ionian and Adriatic seas, is in the heart of the Mediterranean, this area is included in an imaginary triangle that goes from the province of Taranto, to Ostuni and down to the tip of the region to Santa Maria di Leuca. In this Micro region you can find golden sands and crystal-clear water attracting tourist from all over the world, Thanks to the warm temperature during all the year, Salento is an ideal destination not only in the summer mounts.